The following words or terms, when used in this Chapter, shall have the defined meaning, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
"Abuse" means the causing or permitting of harm or threatened harm to the health, safety, or welfare of a resident by a staff responsible for the resident's health, safety, or welfare, including but not limited to: non-accidental physical injury or mental anguish; sexual abuse; sexual exploitation; use of mechanical restraints without proper authority; the intentional use of excessive or unauthorized force aimed at hurting or injuring the resident; or deprivation of food, clothing, shelter, or healthcare by a staff responsible for providing these services to a resident.
"Clinical privileging" means an organized method for treatment facilities to authorize an individual permission to provide specific care and treatment services to consumers within well-defined limits, based on the evaluation of the individual's license, education, training, experience, competence, judgment, and other credentials.
"Community-based Structured Crisis Center" or "CBSCC" means a program of non-hospital emergency services for mental health and substance abuse crisis stabilization as authorized by O.S. 43A 3-317, including, but not limited to, observation, evaluation, emergency treatment and referral, when necessary, for inpatient psychiatric or substance abuse services. This service is limited to CMHC's who are certified by the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services or facilities operated by the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services.
"Consumer" means an individual, who has applied for, is receiving or has received evaluation or treatment services from a facility operated or certified by ODMHSAS or with which ODMHSAS contracts and includes all persons.
"Co-occurring disorder" means any combination of mental health and substance abuse symptoms or diagnoses in a client.
"Co-occurring disorder capability" means the organized capacity within any type of program to routinely screen, identify, assess, and provide properly matched interventions to individuals with co-occurring disorders.
"Crisis intervention" means an immediately available service to meet the psychological, physiological and environmental needs of individuals who are experiencing a mental health and/or substance abuse crisis.
"Crisis stabilization" means emergency psychiatric and substance abuse services for the resolution of crisis situations and may include placement of an individual in a protective environment, basic supportive care, and medical assessment and referral.
"Critical incident" means an occurrence or set of events inconsistent with the routine operation of the facility, or the routine care of a consumer. Critical incidents specifically include but are not necessarily limited to the following: adverse drug events; self-destructive behavior; deaths and injuries to consumers, staff and visitors; medication errors; consumers that are absent without leave (AWOL); neglect or abuse of a consumer; fire; unauthorized disclosure of information; damage to or theft of property belonging to a consumers or the facility; other unexpected occurrences; or events potentially subject to litigation. A critical incident may involve multiple individuals or results.
"Emergency detention" For adults: means the detention of a person who appears to be a person requiring treatment in a facility approved by the Commissioner of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services as appropriate for such detention after the completion of an emergency examination and a determination that emergency detention is warranted for a period not to exceed seventy-two (72) hours, excluding weekends and holidays, except upon a court order authorizing detention beyond a seventy-two-hour period or pending the hearing on a petition requesting involuntary commitment or treatment as provided by 43A of the Oklahoma Statutes. For minors: means the detention of a minor who appears to be a minor in need of treatment in a facility approved by the Commissioner of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services as appropriate for such detainment after the completion on an initial assessment and determination that emergency detention is warranted for a period not to exceed five (5) days excluding weekends and holidays, except upon a court order authorizing detention pending a hearing requesting involuntary commitment or treatment as provided by 43A of the Oklahoma Statutes.
"Emergency examination" For adults: means the examination of a person who appears to be a mentally ill person, an alcohol-dependent person, or drug-dependent person and a person requiring treatment, and whose condition is such that it appears that emergency detention may be warranted, by a licensed mental health professional to determine if emergency detention of the person is warranted.
"Homeless" a homeless person is a person who; a) lacks a fixed, regular and adequate night time residence AND b) has a primary nighttime residence that is a supervised publicly or privately operated shelter designated to provide temporary living accommodations including welfare hotels, congregate shelters, half way houses, and transitional housing for the mentally ill; or an institution that provides a temporary residence for individuals intended to be institutionalized; or a public or private place not designed for, or ordinarily used as, a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings, not limited to people living on the streets. Individuals are considered homeless if they have lost their permanent residence, and are temporarily living in a shelter to avoid being on the street.
"Initial Assessment" means examination of current and recent behaviors and symptoms of a person or minor who appears to be mentally ill or substance dependent.
"Integrated Client Information System" or "ICIS" is a comprehensive management information system based on national standards for mental health and substance abuse databases. It is a repository of diverse data elements that provide information about organizational concepts, staffing patterns, consumer profiles, program or treatment focus, and many other topics of interest to clinicians, administrators and consumers. It includes unique identifiers for agencies, staff and consumers that provide the ability to monitor the course of consumer services throughout the statewide DMHSAS network.
ICIS collects data from hospitals, community mental health centers, substance abuse agencies, domestic violence service providers, residential care facilities, prevention programs, and centers for the homeless which are operated or funded in part by DMHSAS.
"Intervention plan" means a description of services to be provided in response to the presenting crisis situation that incorporates the identified problem(s), strengths, abilities, needs and preferences of the individual served.
"Licensed mental health professional" or "LMHP" means:
(A) psychiatrist who is a diplomate of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology;
(B) a licensed Doctor of Medicine or Doctor of Osteopathy who has received specific training for and is experienced in performing mental health therapeutic, diagnostic, or counseling functions;
(C) a licensed clinical psychologist;
(D) a licensed professional counselor as defined in Section 1906 of Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes;
(E) a person licensed as a clinical social worker pursuant to the provisions of Section 1250 et seq. of Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes;
(F) a licensed marital and family therapist as defined in Section 1925.2 of Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes;
(G) a licensed behavioral practitioner as defined in Section 1931 of Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes; or
(H) an advanced practice nurse as defined in Section 567.3a of Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes specializing in mental health.
"Linkage services" means the communication and coordination with other service providers that assure timely appropriate referrals between the CBSCC and other providers.
"Minor" means any person under eighteen (18) years of age.
"Oklahoma Administrative Code" or "OAC" means the publication authorized by 75 O.S. § 256 known as The Oklahoma Administrative Code, or, prior to its publication, the compilation of codified rules authorized by 75 O.S. § 256(A)(1)(a) and maintained in the Office of Administrative Rules.
"ODMHSAS" means the Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services.
"Performance Improvement" or "PI" means an approach to the continuous study and improvement of the processes of providing health care services to meet the needs of consumers and others. Synonyms, and near synonyms include continuous performance improvement, continuous improvement, organization-wide performance improvement and total quality management.
"Persons with special needs" means any persons with a condition which is considered a disability or impairment under the "American with Disabilities Act of 1990" including, but not limited to the deaf/hearing impaired, visually impaired, physically disabled, developmentally disabled, persons with disabling illness, persons with mental illness and/or substance abuse disorders. See "Americans with Disabilities Handbook," published by U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and U.S. Department of Justice.
"Progress notes" mean a chronological description of services provided to a consumer, the consumer's progress, or lack of, and documentation of the consumer's response related to the intervention plan.
"Psychsocial evaluations" are in-person interviews conducted by professionally trained personnel designed to elicit historical and current information regarding the behavior and experiences of an individual, and are designed to provide sufficient information for problem formulation and intervention.
"Restraint" refers to manual, mechanical, and chemical methods that are intended to restrict the movement or normal functioning of a portion of the individual's body. For minors: mechanical restraints shall not be used.
"Sentinel event" is a type of critical incident that is an unexpected occurrence involving the death or serious physical or psychological injury to a consumer, or risk thereof. Serious injury specifically includes loss of limb or function. The phrase "or risk thereof" includes a variation in approved processes which could carry a significant chance of a serious adverse outcome to a consumer. These events signal the need for immediate investigation and response. Sentinel events include, but are not limited to: suicide, homicide, criminal activity, assault and other forms or violence, including domestic violence or sexual assault, and adverse drug events resulting in serious injury or death.
"Triage" means a dynamic process of evaluating and prioritizing the urgency of crisis intervention needed based on the nature and severity of consumers' presenting situations.
"Trauma Informed" means the recognition and responsiveness to the presence of the effects of past and current traumatic experiences in the lives of all consumers.
[Source: Added at 18 Ok Reg 531, eff 10-13-00 (emergency); Added at 18 Ok Reg 2690, eff 7-1-01; Amended at 19 Ok Reg 1443, eff 7-1-02; Amended at 20 Ok Reg 1324, eff 7-1-03; Amended at 21 Ok Reg 1082, eff 7-1-04; Amended at 23 Ok Reg 1436, eff 7-1-06; Amended at 25 Ok Reg 1404, eff 7-1-08]